In addition to weather, climate change, unhealthy eating habits and lifestyle, the number of cancer patients is increasing in the country. According to the estimated data of the international organization Globocon, there are about 35 types of cancer in Bangladesh.
Out of this, about 10 types of cancer are affecting people more. The disease occurs in all parts of the human body. However, the latest cancer registration data of the National Cancer Research Institute and Hospital says that lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women are increasing in the country.
Among the top 10 types of cancer, regardless of men and women, are respectively lung (17.4 percent), breast (13.4 percent), cervix (10.9 percent), esophagus (4.9 percent), stomach (4.3 percent). , liver (3.9 percent), lymph gland (3.8 percent), colon (3.1 percent), cheek (3 percent) and gall bladder (1.5 percent) cancers. The top cancer among men is lung (26.6 percent) and breast cancer among women is 29.3 percent.
Director of Health Department (Administration) Professor Dr. Md. Shamiul Islam said, environment and diet is a major cause of cancer. It should be considered whether many people are suffering from cancer due to various habits including smoking.
Besides, the capacity to control it should be increased. Policy makers need to pay attention to this issue. Individual gender and age should be given importance. It should also be seen at which age most cancers are affected.
The seventh cancer registry report of the capital’s cancer research institute and hospital was published on December 7. Dr. Associate Professor of Epidemiology Department of the Institute about this research. Md. Zahirul Islam said that 55 percent of the patients who come to the cancer hospital are women.
The remaining 45 percent are men. 26.6 percent of men are affected by lung cancer. And 29.3 percent of women are breast cancer patients. That is, the number of lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women is higher by gender.
According to the published report of 2018-2020, a total of 83 thousand 795 patients came for treatment in the outpatient department of National Cancer Hospital in three years. Of whom 35 thousand 733 (42.6 percent) have been diagnosed as terminal or primary cancer. They are included in the registry. Among the registered patients, 19 thousand 546 (55 percent) were male and 16 thousand 187 (45 percent) were female.
People are more affected by 10 types of cancer
The director of the non-communicable disease control branch of the Department of Health, Dr. Md. Robed Amin said the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted a national population-based study once in 2013, but not again. This is important. But the question is how much Bangladesh is ready for this.
He said, a study includes everything from the diagnosis of the patient to the stage of his condition, where he can stop. Which is much more difficult. Because there is a substantial lack of diagnosis and facilities.
Advisor to the Center for Cancer Prevention and Research (CCPR) and the head of the epidemiology department of the National Cancer Research Hospital Dr. Habibullah Talukdar Ruskin talks about a turning point.
He said, the whole system of collecting, storing, analyzing and publishing the necessary information of cancer patients in the form of reports is called cancer registry or registration. Generally there are two types of cancer registration, hospital-based and community-based.
Experts also said that cancer treatment costs more in the country. So the state should give the most importance to this place. Technology in medicine has improved the most, but the treatment of the disease is still lagging behind as cancer is not detected at an early stage in the country.