What is the difference between heart attack and heart failure?

Heart attack is one of the complex diseases of people. Some also have heart failure. There is a difference between these two. Heart attack is one of the complications of which one in four people die immediately and many more die after hospitalization.

About half of affected patients die within a year. As a result, this disease is considered as the main cause of human death in the world. A heart attack causes a certain part of the heart to become useless.

As a result, the heart partially loses its function and becomes weak. A weak heart often fails to pump blood as per the physical needs of the person, which leads to physical weakness later on, and if not treated properly, the heart weakness worsens rapidly.

In the initial state, the heart increases its speed and tries to supply the necessary blood, but as a result of such behavior, the amount of damage to the heart muscle increases day by day and the heart falls into a fatal condition; From which there is no escape. The symptoms of heart failure gradually started appearing in the patient’s body.

For example, chest pain and shortness of breath with little exertion, panting very easily, shortness of breath when lying awake, flatulence, always feeling full, loss of appetite, palpitations, pressure in the chest. , loss of concentration in work, reluctance to work, excessive physical weakness, watery and swollen hands and feet, dizziness, nausea, anxiety, restlessness, difficulty breathing during sleep.

As a result, symptoms such as sleep disturbance, very reduced food intake, frequent stomach upset, frequent colds or fevers occur. Taking the right treatment after a heart attack can save the heart from weakness. In this case, regular treatment is essential. Irregular treatment includes non-treatment.

It can be seen that many people, after taking treatment for a few days, stop the treatment thinking that they have recovered. As a result, the patient’s heart gradually becomes damaged, and after the level of damage reaches its peak, physical problems appear again; Then the patient’s heart is so damaged that there is no chance of recovery through treatment.

Many people may wear a heart ring after a heart attack. Whether you wear a ring or bypass surgery or none at all, it is mandatory to take appropriate medical treatment (Non invasive treatment).

Otherwise, the heart will weaken very quickly and the risk of having a heart attack will increase significantly later on. For those who have suffered a heart attack, it is essential to follow the doctor’s advice more or less for the rest of their lives to stay healthy.

Difference between heart attack and heart failure

  • Heart failure is failure to pump blood.
  • Weakened heart muscle or failure to function properly is usually the main symptom of heart failure; shortness of breath, feeling very tired and swollen ankles; These symptoms can also be present in other diseases.
  • Acute heart failure will require immediate hospital treatment. Symptoms may gradually progress to chronic heart failure.

There are mainly 3 (three) types of heart failure. For example-

  • Left heart failure- (HFREF-heart failure due to reduced ejection fraction) Heart failure caused by the weakness of the blood pump in the left ventricle.
  • Diastolic heart failure (HEPEF-heart failure with preserved ejection (reaction) is usually difficulty filling the left ventricle with blood, resulting in a stiffening of the heart.
  • Congestive heart failure (CCF-Congestive Cardiac failure)-Cerical heart failure

Causes of heart failure

There is no single specific cause of heart failure.

  • High Blood Pressure- High blood pressure can cause heart failure.
  • Coronary heart disease – Atherosclerosis in the arteries supplied by fatty substances.
  • Cardiomyopathy is chronic heart failure. The cause is often unclear but is usually viral, genetic, alcohol consumption, medication or cancer.
  • Complications in heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation)
  • Heart bulb disease, damage or problem.

Sometimes anemia, an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or high blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension) can lead to heart failure.

Treatment of heart failure

  • Heart failure cannot be cured in most cases. Control is the cure. So an integrated treatment plan including lifestyle changes, drug devices or heart function improvement, surgery can give the patient a healthy life.
  • When heart failure has specific causes, it may be possible to cure it. For example, if the heart bulb is damaged, treatment of heart failure with treatment of the bulb usually results in a lifelong cure. Bad symptoms should be controlled. Your doctor will monitor you long-term and find a balance of effective treatment regimens.

Patients receive the following benefits if they receive effective treatment for heart failure.

  • Helps to strengthen the heart muscle
  • Reduces symptoms
  • Reduces inflammatory (chronic) risk
  • Adherence to medical conditions improves the patient’s quality of life and leads to a fuller life.

Prevention of heart failure

Heart failure can be prevented, largely through lifestyle changes, a little awareness or medication.

For example the things you have to follow in managing the lifestyle.

  • Stop smoking (if you smoke)
  • Keeping your blood pressure at a healthy level
  • Keeping your cholesterol levels under control
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoid excess salt
  • Exercising regularly
  • Moderate alcohol intake

Living with the Heart failure

Heart failure can come as a shock. It increases your medical risk of lung problems, kidney disease, anemia and diabetes. You need to take responsibility for your health and wellbeing through self-care and those involved in your care.

Contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about medications you are taking or any possible side effects. Communicate regularly with your doctor and discuss symptoms and concerns. You know about heart failure and live safely with heart failure.

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